Friday, September 19, 2014

Seven young Iranians handed suspended sentences of jail and 91 lashes each for dancing

A group of Pharrell Williams fans who were arrested for filming themselves dancing to the Pharrell Williams song Happy on the rooftops of Tehran have received suspended sentences of imprisonment and lashes.
Screengrab from the video of young Iranians dancing to Happy by Pharrell Williams
According to the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran(ICHRI), a New-York based non-profit organisation, an Iranian court sentenced six of those involved – including the director, Sassan Soleimani – to six months in prison and 91 lashes. A seventh participant, Reyhaneh Taravati, received an additional six months on her prison sentence for possession of alcohol and her role in distributing the video.
The group were arrested in May after the clip, Happy in Tehran, drew thousands of online viewers. A Tehran court found them guilty of producing a "vulgar" video and conducting "illicit relations".
The group – Soleimani, Taravati, Neda Motameni, Afshin Sohrabi, Bardia Moradi, Roham Shamekhi, and another identified only by the first name Sepideh – will serve their sentences only if they are found guilty of another crime in the next three years.
Soon after the seven were arrested they appeared on Iranian TV confessing to their crimes. Rights activists have long objected to this practice and consider such confessions to be made under duress and obtained for political purposes.
Tehran's police chief condemned the group's actions at the time and described the video as "obnoxious", but Iran's president defended the seven on Twitter. "Happiness is our people's right. We shouldn't be too hard on behaviours caused by joy," Hassan Rouhani's account tweeted.
The charges against the group, the ICHRI said, were based on information obtained from material confiscated during the raid on the individuals' homes, such as personal photographs and videos found on their personal computers.
After triggering an international outcry – including a tweet by the original Happy singer – all of those involved were granted bail, except the director, who was held until the end of May.
"This is unfair; imprisonment and lashes for what?" tweeted one Iranian. "Don't be happy in Iran, otherwise you'll be seen as having illicit relations," said another.

Arrests over the Happy dance video in Iran reflect hardliners' frustration
It is not the first time the question of Iran's social mores has hit the headlines. Six young Tehranis got into trouble after their contribution to an internet phenomenon – a lip-synched dance to an innocent pop song, Happy – went viral on YouTube. They were arrested, forced to strip naked and perform squats, and then paraded on state television. This is a country in which hardline religious tradition and globally connected modernity seem to clash daily, producing scandals over everything from leggings to actors air-kissing at Cannes. The arrest of the Happy dancers is only the latest in this long-running confrontation over what is socially permissible, or in the words of the Tehran police chief, "not obnoxious" in Iran.
From the outside, this makes it look as though Iran is a society divided, a battle raging between the religious and the louche, latte-drinking westernised middle class. The reality is far more complicated. This is more a bitter contest for power among the regime's political elites than any genuine social divide.
That should be evident from President Hassan Rouhani's official Twitter feed. On Wednesday he said: "#Happiness is our people's right. We shouldn't be too hard on behaviours caused by joy." Rouhani's election last year dealt an unexpected blow to the conservatives, who had relaxed into a position of total control over the eight years of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's tenure. Though many of their policies, particularly segregation in universities, proved deeply unpopular across the social spectrum, they pushed ahead with their vision of a religiously straitlaced, globally antagonistic Iran.
Now they are fighting back, desperate to retain their influence and sabotage the possibility of a second term for Rouhani...