Archival document of the CPI from 1947: 'Bleeding Punjab Warns' by Dhanwantri & P.C. Joshi
Scanned copy of Communist Party of India's pamphlet by Dhanwantri & PC Joshi: (File CPI/108 - 1947). The document is part of the PC Joshi Archive in JNU, New Delhi
Download Bleeding Punjab Warns: Dhanwantri & P.C. Joshi; September 1947
By way of an introduction to this important archival resource, here are some extracts from my essay The Law of killing: a brief history of Indian fascism
What happened in the Punjab cannot be called a riot. It was a regular war of extermination of the minorities, of the Sikhs and Hindus in Western Punjab and of Muslims in East Punjab. It cannot be compared to Calcutta or Noakhali, Bihar, or even to Rawalpindi for in all these cases it was mobs of one community that took leading part in killing, looting and burning the minority in the area, their communal passions being roused to a pitch of frenzy and savagery.. In the Punjab, however, in the recent biggest killing ever seen, it was the trained bands equipped with firearms and modern weapons that were the main killers, looters and rapers. These were the storm troops of various communal parties such as National Guards of the Muslim League in the Western Punjab, and the Shahidi Dal of the Akalis and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh of the Mahasabha in the Eastern Punjab. They were actively aided and often actually led by the police and the military in committing the worst atrocities.. in violence and in brutality, in the numbers killed (which Syt Shri Prakasha, India’s Ambassador to Pakistan places at 1 ½ lakhs) in the use of plenty of modern deadly weapons, in the devastation spread over 14 districts of the Punjab and in the way in which the police, the military and the entire administration was geared not to stop the riots but to spread it – the Punjab tragedy is without parallel..